Woodwork is the activity or skill of making items from wood, and includes cabinet making (cabinetry and furniture), wood carving, joinery, carpentry, and woodturning.
Historically, woodworkers relied upon the woods native to their region, until transportation and trade innovations made more exotic woods available to the craftsman. Woods are typically sorted into three basic types: hardwoods typified by tight grain and derived from broadleaf trees, softwoods from coniferous trees, and man-made materials such as plywood and MDF.
The false or drop ceiling is a good illustration of contemporary architecture architecture and construction in both residential as well as commercial applications. Different spaces and preferences would entail the use of different false ceiling materials.
There are numerous types of false ceiling used for home interior. False ceilings can be differentiated in several ways according to their applications, materials utilized, appearance and visibility. However, most common classification is based on materials used and there are 8 major types of false ceilings.
- Plaster of Paris (POP) False Ceilings
- Wooden False Ceilings or Plywood False Ceilings
- Gypsum False Ceilings
- Metal False Ceilings
- PVC False Ceilings
- Fabric or Cloth False Ceilings
- Mineral Fibre False Ceilings
- Glass False Ceilings
Aluminum fabricated items like doors, windows, staircase, hand rails and supports, railings for verandas, corridors etc. have become that standard accepted feature in most modern buildings, The use of aluminum in business and office complexes , buildings, theatres ,auditorium is very extensive for functional as well as decorative purposes. Similarly in residential buildings also aluminum doors, windows, railings, grill works etc. are used extensively.
Textile shops and other trading shops in lighter materials too are going in for shelves made of aluminum for tacking purposes. The many advantages of aluminum such as lightweight, strength, corrosion resistance, durability, ease in fabrication, attractive appearance and easy maintenance make it a popular material for use in modern building. Aluminum required for use in buildings are available from large scale manufacturers-such as Balco, Jindal, Hindalco etc. as extruded sections in various shapes and sizes for specific uses. These sections are also available through their local dealers. The usual length of these sections is 12 ft. 24 meters.
Fabricators anodized these to desired colours and fabricate the items as per the customer’s requirements. These items have good appearance and finish and the maintenance expenses are almost nil while steel and wooden items require regular painting and polishing periodically.
Iron fabrication is the creation of iron structures by cutting, bending and assembling processes. It is a value-added process involving the creation of machines, parts, and structures from various raw materials.
Typically, a fabrication shop bids on a job, usually based on engineering drawings, and if awarded the contract, builds the product. Large fab shops employ a multitude of value-added processes, including welding, cutting, forming and machining.
Iron fabrication usually starts with drawings with precise dimensions and specifications. Fabrication shops are employed by contractors, OEMs and VARs. Typical projects include loose parts, structural frames for buildings and heavy equipment, and stairs and hand railings.
As with other manufacturing processes, both human labor and automation are commonly used. A fabricated product may be called a fabrication, and shops specializing in this type of work are called fab shops. The end products of other common types of ironworking, such as machining, iron stamping, forging, and casting, may be similar in shape and function, but those processes are not classified as fabrication.
Picture any room in your house and we can guarantee the walls didn’t figure heavily in your imagination. The truth is, we spend so much time worrying about what’s between them, fussing over fabrics and furniture and accessories, that we forget how impactful they can be. Paint walls a vibrant hue and a room instantly comes to life; cover them with richly patterned wallpaper and the result is nothing short of dazzling. Of course, such bold strokes aren’t for everyone.
If white walls are your reality—because you’re in a rental apartment or you simply prefer a more subdued color scheme—consider the effect of picture-frame molding or a perfectly hung gallery wall. The possibilities are endless. Here, we’ve gathered a collection of ideas and tips on how to dress up your walls with paint, wallpaper, and more. Whether you’re looking for a quick refresh or a total overhaul, our wall decoration guide will provide all the inspiration you need to get your home improvement projects under way in no time.
Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure. Construction differs from manufacturing in that manufacturing typically involves mass production of similar items without a designated purchaser, while construction typically takes place on location for a known client. Construction as an industry comprises six to nine percent of the gross domestic product of developed countries. Construction starts with planning, design, and financing; it continues until the project is built and ready for use.
Large-scale construction requires collaboration across multiple disciplines. A project manager normally manages the budget on the job, and a construction manager, design engineer, construction engineer or architect supervises it. Those involved with the design and execution must consider zoning requirements, environmental impact of the job, scheduling, budgeting, construction-site safety, availability and transportation of building materials, logistics, inconvenience to the public caused by construction delays and bidding. Large construction projects are sometimes referred to as megaprojects.